## Second Grade Common Core

Here is a quick overview for the second grade common core standards. If you wish to see the standards in full, use the button above.

First of all, I like them. I like how the standards progress across grade levels. I like the reading standards (which are the same K - 12, adjusted to developmental levels). I very much appreciate the special consideration of number sense and place value development in young students as well as in older ones. All that being said, here are some basics.

Overview -There seem to be a couple of "themes" involved in the standards. These I will work to reinforce throughout the year. They are really about an

The second "theme" (my word, not theirs) is the idea of

Another thing that is worth noting in the new standards is the emphasis on Speaking and Listening. It has always been important in second grade - I tell parents that students need to receive information and then get it back out in the form of writing and speaking. This is now an integral part of the standards.

Reading - First it is important to note that reading standards have been divided into two sections, Reading for Literature and Reading Nonfiction. Most of the standards overlap both. All the basics are there. The students must answer questions of who, what, where, when, why, and how. They are expected to recall facts of stories as well as determine a moral or lesson ( a good time to "prove with evidence"). They will analyze characters - understand their challenges and how they respond to those challenges. They will study point of view and the structure of text. They will compare stories, and should read a 2 - 3 grade level text, fluently, by the end of the year.

Writing - The writing standards for second grade are carried through multiple grade levels and that is the writing of opinion pieces, expository pieces, and narratives.

Language - The language standards include lots of nouns - plural nouns, collective nouns, pronouns. Also verbs - regular and irregular. And, of course, capitalization and punctuation. All the basics are there.

Speaking and Listening - These standards are closely tied with the reading standards. They are expected to recall important details of a speaker or presentation, as well as recount stories. They are also expected to follow a set of rules in group discussion situation. They will practice listening to others and building upon their ideas, and ask appropriate questions, and questions for clarification. Students will also practice using complete sentences in their presentations.

Math - The bulk of the math standards center around Base-Ten Operations. This is the development of number sense and place value. In short, they will add and subtract numbers, with regrouping through 100, as well as begin a foundation for multiplication. The development of algebraic concepts are important as well in second grade. I cannot emphasize the developmental nature of the these standards enough, having taught a great deal of 4th, 5th and 6th grades. A lack of concept development at this age can make mathematics in the higher grades extremely difficult. There are also standards in measurement, data, and geometry.

Finally - the Math Practice Standards. These are the same K - 12. If you choose to read them over on the website you will be stunned. They are quite different than standards of the past. These are the problem solving standards in which the ideas of "prove with evidence" and composing and decomposing will come into play. It is clear that in the common core standards, across grade levels, mastery of a skill is

First of all, I like them. I like how the standards progress across grade levels. I like the reading standards (which are the same K - 12, adjusted to developmental levels). I very much appreciate the special consideration of number sense and place value development in young students as well as in older ones. All that being said, here are some basics.

Overview -There seem to be a couple of "themes" involved in the standards. These I will work to reinforce throughout the year. They are really about an

*to learning. The first is an emphasis on "proving with evidence". In reading, fiction and non fiction, students are expected to explain their reasoning with specific examples. The same goes for math, once you find a solution for a problem you "prove" your answer is correct.***approach**The second "theme" (my word, not theirs) is the idea of

*. This works in a direct way in mathematics as students "compose" numbers from other numbers, and in reading as we take literature apart (fiction and non fiction) for analysis, and put it back together again for further analysis.***composing and decomposing**Another thing that is worth noting in the new standards is the emphasis on Speaking and Listening. It has always been important in second grade - I tell parents that students need to receive information and then get it back out in the form of writing and speaking. This is now an integral part of the standards.

Reading - First it is important to note that reading standards have been divided into two sections, Reading for Literature and Reading Nonfiction. Most of the standards overlap both. All the basics are there. The students must answer questions of who, what, where, when, why, and how. They are expected to recall facts of stories as well as determine a moral or lesson ( a good time to "prove with evidence"). They will analyze characters - understand their challenges and how they respond to those challenges. They will study point of view and the structure of text. They will compare stories, and should read a 2 - 3 grade level text, fluently, by the end of the year.

Writing - The writing standards for second grade are carried through multiple grade levels and that is the writing of opinion pieces, expository pieces, and narratives.

Language - The language standards include lots of nouns - plural nouns, collective nouns, pronouns. Also verbs - regular and irregular. And, of course, capitalization and punctuation. All the basics are there.

Speaking and Listening - These standards are closely tied with the reading standards. They are expected to recall important details of a speaker or presentation, as well as recount stories. They are also expected to follow a set of rules in group discussion situation. They will practice listening to others and building upon their ideas, and ask appropriate questions, and questions for clarification. Students will also practice using complete sentences in their presentations.

Math - The bulk of the math standards center around Base-Ten Operations. This is the development of number sense and place value. In short, they will add and subtract numbers, with regrouping through 100, as well as begin a foundation for multiplication. The development of algebraic concepts are important as well in second grade. I cannot emphasize the developmental nature of the these standards enough, having taught a great deal of 4th, 5th and 6th grades. A lack of concept development at this age can make mathematics in the higher grades extremely difficult. There are also standards in measurement, data, and geometry.

Finally - the Math Practice Standards. These are the same K - 12. If you choose to read them over on the website you will be stunned. They are quite different than standards of the past. These are the problem solving standards in which the ideas of "prove with evidence" and composing and decomposing will come into play. It is clear that in the common core standards, across grade levels, mastery of a skill is

**not measured by just completing the standard**, but by**applying**the standard. That means using multiple skills in real world, problem solving situations.